Page 1: Participant Information Sheet

Participant Information Sheet for
Testing the Validity of the Limerence Scale


Have you ever got someone stuck in your head?

I would like to invite you to take part in a study exploring the occurrence of unexpected feelings of connection towards another person. The study is being conducted by Dr Daniel Waldeck at Coventry University.  Limerence is an extreme form of unexpected feelings of connection to one person. For the purposes of this study Limerence is defined as “An involuntary potentially life-changing state of adoration and attachment to a Limerent object, involving intrusive and obsessive thoughts, feelings and behaviors, from euphoria to despair, contingent on perceived emotional reciprocation”.

What is the purpose of this research?
The purpose of the research is to test the validity of a new scale designed to measure limerence. The research was granted ethical approval by Coventry University’s Research Ethics Committee [P110039].

Do you have to take part?
No – it is entirely up to you. Your participation in the survey is entirely voluntary, and you can opt out at any stage by closing and exiting the browser. You are free to withdraw your questionnaire responses from the project data set at any time until the data are fully anonymized in our records on 31st December 2022. In order to withdraw your data (once the survey is competed), you will need to email the researcher with a unique identifier code or provide the same email address you may have provided in the survey. You have the opportunity to opt-in to a prize raffle draw (£50 [or equivalent] in another currency)  If you opt to do this you will be asked to provide an email address in order to email you should you win the prize.  If you are a Coventry University student then your participation will be rewarded with 30 SONA credits.

What will happen if I decide to take part?
If you are happy to take part, please answer the following questions relating to limerence and other thoughts, feelings, and coping mechanisms that are theorized to be related to such experiences.  The survey should take approximately 30 minutes to complete.

Why have you been invited to take part?
You have been invited to participate in this research because you have experienced at least one episode of limerence in your life.

What are the benefits and potential risks and benefits in taking part?
Your answers will help us to validate the Limerence scale which could potentially be used for future research and therapeutic purposes.  As this is a sensitive topic, some individuals may have unpleasant or painful memories relating to previous or current limerent experiences.  As such, should you experience any emotional distress as a result of taking part in this study, you retain the right to close the browser and stop the study.  We also provide some links in the debrief sheet at the end of the study should you wish to seek further information or support.  If you were to experience distress, then you may consider speaking to your local healthcare provider.

What will happen to the results of the research?
Your answers will be treated confidentially and the information you provide will be kept anonymous in any research outputs/publications

Who will have access to the information?

Your data will only be accessed by the researcher/research team.

Where will the information be stored and how long will it be kept for?

Your data will be processed in accordance with the General Data Protection Regulation 2016 (GDPR) and the Data Protection Act 2018.  Your data will be held securely on the CU OneDrive and will only be viewed by the researcher/research team.  All data will be deleted by 1st January 2027. 

What will happen next?
If you would like to take part, then please complete the consent question below and then continue with the survey.

Researcher contact details:
Dr Daniel Waldeck (Coventry University)

Who do I contact if I have any questions or concerns about this research?
If you have any questions, or concerns about this research, please contact the researcher. If you still have concerns and wish to make a complaint, please contact the ethics team ( Please provide information about the research project, specify the name of the researcher and detail the nature of your complaint.

      Thank you for taking time to read this information sheet and for considering participating in this research.

I have read and understood the above information. Required
I agree to take part in the research project Required
I confirm that i am aged 18 or over. Required
I confirm that I have had at least one experience of limerence in my life (or I am currently experiencing limerence)