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The main purpose of this project is to ascertain whether doping likelihood in young adult sport performers can be predicted by different types of reasons for participation, achievement goals, and doping attitudes. More specifically, the authors aim to understand what type of motivational factors maybe associated with doping likelihood, and which are not. Along with other research on this topic (e.g., Ring and Kavussanu, 2018), it is intended that our findings may help to inform future anti-doping educational programmes.

The research project is being conducted by Dr James Adie (Coventry University), Professor Ian Boardley (University of Birmingham), and Mr Scott Gunning (University of Hertfordshire). You have been selected to take part in this questionnaire survey because you are aged 18+ and are regularly invested in training and competing in an organised sport. Your participation in the survey is entirely voluntary, and you can opt out at any stage by closing and exiting the browser. If you are happy to take part, please answer the following questions relating to your sport motivation, your achievement goals, and attitude towards doping and doping likelihood. Your answers will help us to gain a better understanding as to how motivation and achievement goals are associated with doping attitudes and behaviour. The survey should take approximately 15-20 minutes to complete.

The reserach team will store and destroy your data in line with GDPR (2016) and Data Protection Act (2018). The answers you provide will be treated confidentially and this information will be kept anonymous in any research outputs/publications. Your data will be held securely on a password protected OneDrive Portal, and shared only among the research team. All data will be securely deleted by 30/12/2023. 

The research was granted ethical approval by Coventry University’s Research Ethics Committee (P94557).

For further information, or if you have any queries, please contact the lead project organiser, Dr James Adie.  If you have any concerns that cannot be resolved through the lead researcher, please contact

Thank you for taking the time to participate in this survey. Your help is very much appreciated.

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